Practical #6.

Control Traffic Lighttraffic light control circuit

pcbway

Objective:

Using Trainer and Instructions of Assembly language Control Traffic Light

 

 

 

The Tasks

 

 

Here are all the learning tasks grouped together with pointers to the example programs and explanatory notes.

 

Ø Improve the traffic lights data table so there is an overlap with both sets of lights on red.

 

 

Most of these examples include a learning task. Study the example and if you can complete the task/s, it is likely that your understanding is good.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Example – p # 7 Traffic control lights.asm

 

 

 

 ; —– EXAMPLE  ——-CONTROL TRAFIC LIGHTS————————–         JMP     Start   ; Skip past the data table.         DB      84      ; Data table begins.        DB      C8      ; These values control the traffic lights        DB      31      ; This sequence is simplified.        DB      58      ; Last entry is also used as end marker Start:        MOV     BL,02   ; 02 is start address of data tableRep:        MOV     AL,[BL] ; Copy data from table to AL        OUT     01      ; Output from AL register to port 01         CMP     AL,58   ; Last item in data table ???        JZ      Start   ; If yes then jump to Start        INC     BL      ; In no then point BL to the next entry        JMP     Rep     ; Jump back to do next table entry         END; ————————————————————– TASK        Improve the traffic lights data table so there is an         overlap with both sets of lights on red. ; ————————————————————–

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

You can copy this example program from the help page and paste it into the source code editor.

DB 84

DB stands for Define Byte/s. In this case 84hex is stored into RAM at address [02]. Addresses [00] and [01] are occupied by the JMP Start machine codes.

84 hex is 1000 0100 in binary. This is the pattern or noughts and ones needed to turn on the left red light and the right green light.

MOV BL,02

Move 02 into the BL register. [O2] is the RAM address of the start of the data table. BL is used as a pointer to the data table.

MOV AL,[BL]

[BL] points to the data table. This line copies a value from the data table into the AL register.

OUT 01

Send the contents of the AL register to port 01. Port 01 is connected to the traffic lights.

CMP AL,58

58 is the last entry in the data table. If AL contains 58, it is necessary to reset BL to point back to the start of the table ready to repeat the sequence. If AL is equal to 58, the ‘Z’ flag in the CPU will be set.

JZ Start

Jump back to start if the ‘Z’ flag in the CPU is set.

INC BL

Add one to BL to make it point to the next entry in the data table.

 

traffic light control circuit

Figure #1 when light is green

 

traffic light control circuit

Figure #2 when light is Red and going to green

 

 

 

MICROPROCESSOR PRACTICAL NOTE BOOK                                                              WRITER: MISS SABA WAHAB