[otw_is sidebar=otw-sidebar-1]Simple Bird Game Using ArduinoIn this tutorial, I will show how to build a Simple Bird Game Using Arduino. It is a low cost execution of the Bird Game with minimum devices and simple programming.

Simple Bird Game Using Arduino

Bird game was started by Dong Nguyen. Even this game is based on 2D Graphics; it became most popular on both mobiles like Android and IOS phones. The objective of this game is easy, try to fly the bird, which is called “Flying Bird” between the hurdles without hitting them.

Due to its habitual nature, the maker of this game discontinued the game from App store but after some time a correct version is again launched on App Store.

The popularity of this game amongst people was at his highest peak. So in this lesson, I will take the concept of the game and execute a Bird Game using Arduino.

Simple Bird Game Using Arduino

Concept of Bird Game Using Arduino

The main concept of the Bird Game using Arduino is very easy. I have repeated the bird with the symbol “0” and the hurdles with s string of the symbol “#”.

As a matter of fact, I have build two such strings with mismatched combinations of the symbol “#”, one for the upper row and the other for downward row.

The main purpose of the game is to successfully pass the “bird” through these “hurdles” by pressing the button.

 

Components Required

  • Arduino
  • LCD
  • Push Button

Circuit Diagram

From the above picture, you can gain an idea of how to execute this project. You need to interface a 16*2 LCD display with Arduino and also add a push Button. Coming to the LCD display, attach its RS and E pins to Digital Input and Output Pins 8 and 7 of Arduino. The Data Pins D4 to D7 are attached to 6, 5, 4 and 3 Pins of Arduino. First Push Button is attached to pin 2 and the other push button is connected to RESET pin.

Simple Bird Game Using Arduino

Working

After connected all the connections as per the circuit diagram, update the codes and give power to the circuit. The time you turn on the power supply, the game begins by showing “START GAME” on the LCD.

Once the game starts, the Bird can be adjust its position with the use of push button. If the bird is in the upper side, by pushing the button, you can move it to downward and so on.

If the bird touches any of the hurdles, you will miss and the game is over. So this is an easy version of the game, there are only a few hurdles and if you successfully overcome all those hurdles, you will won the game.

 

// please subscribe to The Screwdriver
// Flappy Bird Game .............

#include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h>
LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x20, 2, 1, 0, 4, 5, 6, 7, 3, POSITIVE);

#define PIN_BUTTON 2
#define PIN_AUTOPLAY 1
#define PIN_READWRITE 10
#define PIN_CONTRAST 12

#define SPRITE_RUN1 1
#define SPRITE_RUN2 2
#define SPRITE_JUMP 3
#define SPRITE_JUMP_UPPER '.'         // Use the '.' character for the head
#define SPRITE_JUMP_LOWER 4
#define SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY ' '      // User the ' ' character
#define SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID 5
#define SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_RIGHT 6
#define SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_LEFT 7

#define HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION 1    // Horizontal position of hero on screen

#define TERRAIN_WIDTH 16
#define TERRAIN_EMPTY 0
#define TERRAIN_LOWER_BLOCK 1
#define TERRAIN_UPPER_BLOCK 2

#define HERO_POSITION_OFF 0          // Hero is invisible
#define HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1 1  // Hero is running on lower row (pose 1)
#define HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_2 2  //                              (pose 2)

#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_1 3       // Starting a jump
#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_2 4       // Half-way up
#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_3 5       // Jump is on upper row
#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_4 6       // Jump is on upper row
#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_5 7       // Jump is on upper row
#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_6 8       // Jump is on upper row
#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_7 9       // Half-way down
#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_8 10      // About to land

#define HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1 11 // Hero is running on upper row (pose 1)
#define HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_2 12 //                              (pose 2)
static char terrainUpper[TERRAIN_WIDTH + 1];
static char terrainLower[TERRAIN_WIDTH + 1];
static bool buttonPushed = false;

void initializeGraphics() {
  static byte graphics[] = {
    // Run position 1
  
    B00000,
    B01110,
    B01101,
    B00110,
    B11110,
    B01110,
    B10010,
    B00000,

    // Run position 2
    B00000,
    B01110,
    B01101,
    B00110,
    B11110,
    B01110,
    B01100,
    B00000,


    // Jump
    B00000,
    B01110,
    B01101,
    B11110,
    B00010,
    B01110,
    B00000,
    B00000,
    
    // Jump lower
    B01110,
    B00000,
    B00000,
    B10000,
    B00000,
    B00000,
    B00000,
    B00000,
    // Ground
    B11111,
    B11111,
    B11111,
    B11111,
    B11111,
    B11111,
    B11111,
    B11111,
    // Ground right
    B00011,
    B00011,
    B00011,
    B00011,
    B00011,
    B00011,
    B00011,
    B00011,
    // Ground left
    B11000,
    B11000,
    B11000,
    B11000,
    B11000,
    B11000,
    B11000,
    B11000,
  };
  int i;
  // Skip using character 0, this allows lcd.print() to be used to
  // quickly draw multiple characters
  for (i = 0; i < 7; ++i) {
    lcd.createChar(i + 1, &graphics[i * 8]);
  }
  for (i = 0; i < TERRAIN_WIDTH; ++i) {
    terrainUpper[i] = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
    terrainLower[i] = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
  }
}

// Slide the terrain to the left in half-character increments
//
void advanceTerrain(char* terrain, byte newTerrain) {
  for (int i = 0; i < TERRAIN_WIDTH; ++i) {
    char current = terrain[i];
    char next = (i == TERRAIN_WIDTH - 1) ? newTerrain : terrain[i + 1];
    switch (current) {
      case SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY:
        terrain[i] = (next == SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID) ? SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_RIGHT : SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
        break;
      case SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID:
        terrain[i] = (next == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) ? SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_LEFT : SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID;
        break;
      case SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_RIGHT:
        terrain[i] = SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID;
        break;
      case SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_LEFT:
        terrain[i] = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
        break;
    }
  }
}

bool drawHero(byte position, char* terrainUpper, char* terrainLower, unsigned int score) {
  bool collide = false;
  char upperSave = terrainUpper[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION];
  char lowerSave = terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION];
  byte upper, lower;
  switch (position) {
    case HERO_POSITION_OFF:
      upper = lower = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
      break;
    case HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1:
      upper = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
      lower = SPRITE_RUN1;
      break;
    case HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_2:
      upper = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
      lower = SPRITE_RUN2;
      break;
    case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_1:
    case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_8:
      upper = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
      lower = SPRITE_JUMP;
      break;
    case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_2:
    case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_7:
      upper = SPRITE_JUMP_UPPER;
      lower = SPRITE_JUMP_LOWER;
      break;
    case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_3:
    case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_4:
    case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_5:
    case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_6:
      upper = SPRITE_JUMP;
      lower = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
      break;
    case HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1:
      upper = SPRITE_RUN1;
      lower = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
      break;
    case HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_2:
      upper = SPRITE_RUN2;
      lower = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;
      break;
  }
  if (upper != ' ') {
    terrainUpper[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] = upper;
    collide = (upperSave == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) ? false : true;
  }
  if (lower != ' ') {
    terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] = lower;
    collide |= (lowerSave == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) ? false : true;
  }

  byte digits = (score > 9999) ? 5 : (score > 999) ? 4 : (score > 99) ? 3 : (score > 9) ? 2 : 1;

  // Draw the scene
  terrainUpper[TERRAIN_WIDTH] = '\0';
  terrainLower[TERRAIN_WIDTH] = '\0';
  char temp = terrainUpper[16 - digits];
  terrainUpper[16 - digits] = '\0';
  lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
  lcd.print(terrainUpper);
  terrainUpper[16 - digits] = temp;
  lcd.setCursor(0, 1);
  lcd.print(terrainLower);

  lcd.setCursor(16 - digits, 0);
  lcd.print(score);

  terrainUpper[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] = upperSave;
  terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] = lowerSave;
  return collide;
}

// Handle the button push as an interrupt
void buttonPush() {
  buttonPushed = true;
}

void setup() {
  pinMode(PIN_READWRITE, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(PIN_READWRITE, LOW);
  pinMode(PIN_CONTRAST, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(PIN_CONTRAST, LOW);
  pinMode(PIN_BUTTON, INPUT);
  digitalWrite(PIN_BUTTON, HIGH);
  pinMode(PIN_AUTOPLAY, OUTPUT);
  digitalWrite(PIN_AUTOPLAY, HIGH);

  // Digital pin 2 maps to interrupt 0
  attachInterrupt(0/*PIN_BUTTON*/, buttonPush, FALLING);

  initializeGraphics();

  lcd.begin(16, 2);
}

void loop() {
  static byte heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1;
  static byte newTerrainType = TERRAIN_EMPTY;
  static byte newTerrainDuration = 1;
  static bool playing = false;
  static bool blink = false;
  static unsigned int distance = 0;

  if (!playing) {
    drawHero((blink) ? HERO_POSITION_OFF : heroPos, terrainUpper, terrainLower, distance >> 3);
    if (blink) {
      lcd.setCursor(0, 0);
      lcd.print("FlappyBird");
    }
    delay(250);
    blink = !blink;
    if (buttonPushed) {
      initializeGraphics();
      heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1;
      playing = true;
      buttonPushed = false;
      distance = 0;
    }
    return;
  }

  // Shift the terrain to the left
  advanceTerrain(terrainLower, newTerrainType == TERRAIN_LOWER_BLOCK ? SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID : SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY);
  advanceTerrain(terrainUpper, newTerrainType == TERRAIN_UPPER_BLOCK ? SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID : SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY);

  // Make new terrain to enter on the right
  if (--newTerrainDuration == 0) {
    if (newTerrainType == TERRAIN_EMPTY) {
      newTerrainType = (random(3) == 0) ? TERRAIN_UPPER_BLOCK : TERRAIN_LOWER_BLOCK;
      newTerrainDuration = 2 + random(10);
    } else {
      newTerrainType = TERRAIN_EMPTY;
      newTerrainDuration = 10 + random(10);
    }
  }

  if (buttonPushed) {
    if (heroPos <= HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_2) heroPos = HERO_POSITION_JUMP_1;
    buttonPushed = false;
  }

  if (drawHero(heroPos, terrainUpper, terrainLower, distance >> 3)) {
    playing = false; // The hero collided with something. Too bad.
  } else {
    if (heroPos == HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_2 || heroPos == HERO_POSITION_JUMP_8) {
      heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1;
    } else if ((heroPos >= HERO_POSITION_JUMP_3 && heroPos <= HERO_POSITION_JUMP_5) && terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] != SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) {
      heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1;
    } else if (heroPos >= HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1 && terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) {
      heroPos = HERO_POSITION_JUMP_5;
    } else if (heroPos == HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_2) {
      heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1;
    } else {
      ++heroPos;
    }
    ++distance;

    digitalWrite(PIN_AUTOPLAY, terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION + 2] == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY ? HIGH : LOW);
  }
  delay(85);
}

 

 

Conclusion

So in this tutorial, I have made a Bird Game using Arduino, with LCD display and also a push button. This does not copy the original game but gives you an idea on how to execute a simple and easy version on your own.

So this is all for today. See you guyz in this coming projects. Take care.