In this post I will take you through (PCB Design in Proteus)process of designing the printed circuit board in Proteus. If you are an electronics engineer then you should have the skills from the schematic design to the printed circuit board design. There are a lot tools for designing the printed circuit board but the…

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### introduction to Fourier series

in this article I will discuss how to simulate circuits with Arduino microcontroller on Proteus(arduino library for proteus simulation). You will learn how to download the libraries of Arduino for Proteus and simulate the codes build in Arduino IDE on Proteus with additional circuits for example diodes, led, transistors and motors etc. So keep reading…

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### Laplace Transform

In this post I will discuss about (introduction to Laplace Transform)the Laplace Transform Definition and Inverse Laplace Transform. In the last post I have discussed about the transfer function and bode plot in matlab and there I have mentioned that the Transfer Function in MATLAB and bode plot in matlab After reading this post you…

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### transfer function and bode plot in matlab

in this tutorial we will learn transfer function and bode plot in matlab.Bode Plot is the commonly known analysis and design technique employed in the design of the Linear Time Invariant (LTI) system. Bode Plot compliance the complete information about the frequency response of the Linear Time Invariant System but do so in the graphical…

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### bode plot tutorial using Matlab

Bode Plot A Bode Plot is an important tool for designing and analyzing the circuits especially the feedback circuits. A Bode plot technique is based on designing and analyzing the electrical / electronic circuits in the frequency domain. This technique is named after the man who created it Hendrik W. Bode.…

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### op amp input bias current and offset current

In this post op amp input bias current and offset current I will discuss about the input bias current and input offset current of the practical Operational Amplifier. In the last post I have discussed about the DC offset voltage of the Operational Amplifier and there I have mentioned that the practical Operational Amplifier due…

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### op amp offset voltage

In this post I will discuss about the op amp offset voltage DC imperfections of the Operational Amplifier. I have discussed in my previous posts that the practical Operational Amplifier does not exactly match the attributes of the Ideal Operational Amplifier due to which various problems arises in the operational of the practical circuit based…

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### Operational Amplifier as the Summing Amplifier

In this post (Operational Amplifier as the Summing Amplifier)I will discuss about the Operational Amplifier configuration as the Summing Amplifier. In the last post I have discussed the Operational Amplifier as the Programmable Gain Amplifier. I have mentioned there that the Operational Amplifier can employ to perform a variety of operations and the Operation that…

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### Operational Amplifier Active High Pass Filter

In this post I will discuss the implementation of the Operational Amplifier as the active high pass filter. In the previous post I have discussed the Operational Amplifier as the Summing Amplifier and we learned there that the Operational Amplifier can be configured to perform a lot of operations and the operation that the operational…

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### Operational Amplifier as Programmable Gain Amplifier

In this post I will discuss the Programmable Gain Amplifier based on the Operational Amplifier. In the previous posts I have discussed about the applications of the Operational Amplifier, ideal attributes of the Operational Amplifier, advantages of using the Operational Amplifier and a number of commonly used configurations of the Operational Amplifier. As mentioned previously…

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